The Kremlin's Diamond Depository dates back to the reign of Peter 1, who decreed for the most valuable treasures to become property of the Russian state, not only of the Royal Family. From then on, precious regalia, insignia and secular jewelry belonging to several generations of Russian rulers would be stored in the Diamond Room in St. Petersburg until 1914. When WWI broke out, the collection was moved to Moscow and placed in the Armory basement, where it would stay for nearly 8 years. The Diamond Depository was established in 1922, but only in 1967, when the Soviet state was celebrating its 50th anniversary, were the treasures placed on public display.
Diamond Fund of Russia
is an assemblage of precious stones, jewelry, rare gold and platinum nuggets of tremendous historical and monetary value and creative merit. The collection features seven gems, known as "historic", that have no match anywhere else in the world.