Novodevichy CemeteryFyodor Shalyapin.
In 1927 official soviet authorities made a decision to bury here only very imported persons. Lenin's brother - Dmitrty Ulianov, Stalin's wife Alliluyeva-Stalina, Gorky's son and others were buried there in the 1920s and 1930s. While the USSR existed only the supreme rulers of the country decided whether a burial could take place. It became a great privilege to get a grave at the Novodevichy necropolis.
Its importance dates from the 1930s, when the necropolises of the medieval Muscovite monasteries (Simonov, Danilov, Donskoy) were scheduled for demolition. Only the Donskoy survived the Joseph Stalin era relatively intact. The remains of many famous Russians buried in other abbeys, such as writers Nikolai Gogol and Sergey Aksakov, painter Isaak Levitan and others were disinterred and reburied at the Novodevichy.
Nikita Khrushchev – is buried there. Soviet leaders were traditionally buried alongside the Kremlin Wall in Red Square, although this honor is reserved for those who died in office. Khrushchev was removed from power in 1964 and when he died seven years later, he was denied a state funeral and a place next to his predecessors.
On the grounds of the cemetery you can find graves of writers: Gogol, Chekhov, Tolstoy, Bulgakov; poet Mayakovsky; composers: Prokhophiev, Shostakovich, Shnitke; singers: Shalyapin, Vertinsky; actors and directors: Stanislavsky, Vakhtangov, Ermolova; painters: Levitan, Serov; heroes defending Moscow from the fascist Germany (1941): Kosmodemianskaya, Panphilov; aircraft designers: Tupolev, Ilyushin.
The Novodevichy necropolis is the elitist cemetery. During its history it became a museum of memorial sculpture due to the fact that the best sculptors and architects created monuments for all the significant and well-known figures. On the grounds of the cemetery were erected monuments built by famous soviet sculptors-classics - Vuchetich, Mukhina, Shadr, Konenkov, Neizvestny, Tsigal.
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